Ross was settled in 1865, proving to be gold-rich. It is the sources of a fist-sized nugget weighing about 3.1kg. This was a celebrated find, and the nugget was christened 'the Honourable Roddy Nugget', after the Minister of Mines Roderick McKenzie.
A visit to the town wouldn't be complete without a beer at The Empire Ross Hotel
Origin of name:
The town popped up following the discovery of gold in the mid-1860s and was named after George Ross, provincial treasurer of Canterbury.
Population: Today there are 297 people in Ross, quite a drop from the 2500 who lived here during the height of the gold rush.
Claim to fame: New Zealand's largest gold nugget was unearthed in Ross in 1909; weighing 3.1kg or 99.9oz, it was dubbed the "Honourable Roddy Nugget" after Roderick Mackenzie, Minister for Mines at the time. Although don't expect to clap eyes on it, because in 1911 the nugget was given to King George V as a coronation gift and was melted down and gilded on to a tea set. Prior to that it was used as a doorstep at the local hotel before being raffled off to raise funds to build the local hospital.
Mining relics, tunnels and the remainder of miles of water race can be found in the regenerating rainforest on the many walks around Ross.
There are also some of NZ's best trout fishing nearby and at a certain low tides, you can collect mussels on the beach.
The Information Centre in Ross offers the opportunity to try your hand at goldpanning and get your own Roddy nugget!
Floating Golf Challenge. Hit the golf balls onto the floating platform in the lake.
LOCATION : 5mins before you reach the townships northern end
EASY Time: 10 min one way Access: Walk starts from the top of St James Street near Visitor Centre. Features: Part of the Ross Water Race Walkway. Short zig zags uphill before entering the Cemetery. Interesting headstones and great views.
Ross Water Race Walkway - Walk
EASY / MODERATE Time: 1 hour loop. Access: Walk starts from Ross Visitor Centre. Features: Follows Mt Greenland Rd up Jones Ck & loops back following water race. Replica miner's hut, several dam sites and tunnels. Passes through old Ross cemetery with views overlooking Ross and the Tasman Sea. Goldmining area relics to be seen on walk and at visitor centre.
Best reasons to stop:
Ross is popular for bush walks, bird watching, fishing, whitebaiting and hunting.
Best parks: There are lots of reserves dotted about the town, from the rugby grounds to Pioneer Park by the swimming pool. The area beside the information centre is pretty popular, look out over Birchfield's Hole (is it a little lake or a large pond?) where you'll find barbecues, bathrooms and facilities for campervans.
Best playground: Right next door to the school, there are slides, swings, see-saws and a jungle gym.
Best walks: Ross Waterway Walk is an easy one hour loop. Starting at the visitor centre, it passes by a miner's hut, dams and tunnels and along the way you'll be rewarded with views across Ross and the Tasman Sea. For an easy 20-minute trot, zig zag up to the cemetery and read the headstones.
Climb every mountain: If you fancy a hearty hike, trek up Mt Greenland, at 18km the walk takes about seven hours there and back. Fab bush and bird life and, on a clear day, the views are outstanding.
Best views: Either from the top of Mt Greenland or from the cemetery.
Best place to pull over: Take a picnic to the beach at sunset, the sculptural driftwood is epic.
Best swim: If you swim in the sea, be sure to respect it - on a good day it's fine but in rough weather it can be a big angry monster. Swim in the local pool during summer for a modest entry fee or dip in the Mikonui River if you'd rather. Or paddle in Birchfield's Hole.
Nice arts: The museum has a neat shop where you can purchase local art, crafts, souvenirs and gifts. Or stop in at The Ross Art Studio and Gallery (next to the dairy) where you can buy the works of local artists including impressive pottery.
Cream of the coffee:The Roddy Nugget Cafe serves a super brew. Alternatively grab a cuppa at The Empire or the local grocery store.
Hungry?The Roddy Nugget bakes amazing pies and their whitebait fritters are delish - you'll never find fresher than on the West Coast. The marinated pork strips are rated highly, while their seafood chowder flies out the door. Or head to the Empire Hotel for a roast on Sunday night and live music.
DIY dinner: Time the tide right and pick a feed of mussels off the rocks - happily the kai moana on the West Coast is unlikely to be overfished because Mother Nature only allows humans to fish about 10 per cent of the year.
Wet your whistle:The Empire is a welcoming historic hotel. The open fire is the pub's heart and soul, although the real warmth comes from the people. Be sure to stop in for a jam session on the last Friday of each month. Because many West Coast homes only got power in the 1960s, musical traditions are strong around here because, for generations, people had to make their own entertainment.
Best mountain biking: The West Coast Wilderness trail is a little beauty. At 139km long it connects Ross to Greymouth and bursts with nature, history and beauty. Or go to Totara Valley, an easy half-day mountain bike ride (40km, grade 1).
Best adventure: Kayaking, bush walking, bird watching and, mountain biking. The region is also famous for trout fishing, whitebaiting and surfcasting.
Coming soon: The Chinese Memorial Gold Miners' Gardens should be up and blooming next year, ditto the Motorcycle Museum.
Best kept secret:The West Coast Treetop Walk, just minutes from Ross, is a canopy walkway through mature rimu forest that is 20m high and 450m long and truly astonishing.
Wildlife: Birds, seals, deer, pigs, trout, salmon and whitebait.
The verdict: Good as gold.
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